CpG-free plasmids confer reduced inflammation and sustained pulmonary gene expression.

Hyde SC, Pringle IA, Abdullah S, Lawton AE, Davies LA, Varathalingam A, Nunez-Alonso G, Green AM, Bazzani RP, Sumner-Jones SG, Chan M, Li H, Yew NS, Cheng SH, Boyd AC, Davies JC, Griesenbach U, Porteous DJ, Sheppard DN, Munkonge FM, Alton EW, Gill DR

Nature Biotechnology

Nat Biotechnol. 2008 May;26(5):549-51. doi: 10.1038/nbt1399. Epub 2008 Apr 27.

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Pulmonary delivery of plasmid DNA (pDNA)/cationic liposome complexes is associated with an acute unmethylated CG dinucleotide (CpG)-mediated inflammatory response and brief duration of transgene expression. We demonstrate that retention of even a single CpG in pDNA is sufficient to elicit an inflammatory response, whereas CpG-free pDNA vectors do not. Using a CpG-free pDNA expression vector, we achieved sustained (>or=56 d) in vivo transgene expression in the absence of lung inflammation.

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